Every British state has its own system of administrative and geographical demarcation, which often has its origins pre-date the British establishment itself. As a result, "there is no common level of administrative unit covering the UK" Until the 19th century there was little change to the settings, but have since become the constant evolution of the role and function. Not change. takes place uniformly and devolution of power over local government to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland means that future changes are unlikely to be uniformly good.
Organization of local government in England is complex, with the division of functions varying according to local arrangements. Legislation on local government in England is decided by the British Parliament and the Government of the United Kingdom, the UK does not have a devolved parliament. The top-tier subdivisions of England are the nine Government office regions or European Union regional government offices One region, Greater London, has had a directly elected assembly and mayor since 2000 following popular support for the proposal in a referendum .. It is intended that other regions will also be given their own regional assemblies elected but the rejection of a proposed assembly in the Northeast region, with a referendum in 2004, this idea was stopped in its tracks. Below the level of the UK have both regional councils and district councils or government entity and consisting of 32 London boroughs of London. Council members selected by the system of first-past-the-post in single member wards or by multi-member plurality system in multi-member wards.
Local government in Scotland is divided from the 32 council areas, with wide variation in size and population. The cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Dundee as a separate regional council Highland Council area covering one third of Scotland but more than 200,000 people. The power invested in the local authority managed by the elected board members, currently there are 1222 and each part-time salaries. Selection is made through the single transferable vote in multi-member wards to choose three or four councilors. Each council elect a Provost or Convenor to chair meetings of the board and to act as proxies for the area. Board members are subject to a code of conduct enforced by the Standards Commission for Scotland. Association representative of the Scottish local authorities is the Convention on the Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA).
Local government in Wales consists of 22 governmental entity. This includes the cities of Cardiff, Swansea, Newport authorized entity in their own right Elections are held every four years under a system of first-past-the-post .. The most recent elections held in May 2008. Welsh Local Government Association represents the interests of local government in Wales.
Local government in Northern Ireland has, since 1973, has been organized into 26 council districts, each elected by single transferable vote. Their power is limited to services like collecting waste, controlling dogs, and maintaining parks and cemeteries On March 13, 2008. The Executive approved the proposal to create 11 new councils and replace the current system. The next local elections postponed to 2011 to facilitate this.