In 2006 Britain was the world's ninth largest energy consumer and largest producer-15. In 2007, Britain has a total energy output of 9.5 quadrillion BTU, which is composed of oil (38%), natural gas (36%), coal (13%), nuclear (11%) and other renewables (2%) [246] in 2009 the UK produced 1.5 million barrels per day (bbl / d) of oil and consumed 1.7 million bbl / d.Production now declining and the UK has become a net importer of oil since 2005 .. In 2010 the UK has about 3.1 billion barrels of proven crude oil reserves, the largest of any EU member state.

In 2009 the UK is the largest producer of natural gas-13 in the world and the largest producer in the EU. Production is now declining and the UK has become a net importer of natural gas since 2004.In 2009 the UK produced 19.7 million tons of coal and consumed 60.2 million tons. In 2005, it has proven recoverable coal reserves of 171 million tonnes. It is estimated that the area of ​​land identified as having the potential to generate between 7 billion tonnes and 16 billion tons of coal through underground coal gasification (UCG). Based on current UK coal consumption, this volume is a backup that can last between 200 and Britain 400 years. Britain is home to several large energy companies, including two of the six oil and gas "supermajors" - BP and Royal Dutch Shell - and the BG Group.
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