Visual arts

British art history is part of the history of western art. Great artists in the UK include: Romance William Blake, John Constable, JMW Turner and Samuel Palmer, a portrait painter Sir Joshua Reynolds and Lucian Freud; landscape artist Thomas Gainsborough and LS Lowry; pioneer of Arts and Crafts Movement William Morris; figurative painter Francis Bacon; the Pop artist Peter Blake, Richard Hamilton and David Hockney; collaborative duo Gilbert and George; abstract artist Howard Hodgkin, Antony Gormley and sculptor, Anish Kapoor and Henry Moore. During the late 1980s and 1990s the Saatchi Gallery in London helped to bring to public attention a group of multi-genre artists who would become known as "Young British Artists": Damien Hirst, Chris Ofili, Rachel Whiteread, Tracey Emin, Mark Wallinger, Steve McQueen, Sam Taylor-Wood and the Chapman Brothers are more famous members of loosely affiliated movement.

Royal Academy in London is a key organization for the promotion of visual arts in Britain. Major UK art school which includes: six University of London Art School, which includes the Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design and Chelsea College of Art and Design; Goldsmiths, University of London; Slade School of Fine Art (part of University College London), while the Glasgow School of Art, Royal College of Art, and the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Arts (part of Oxford University). Courtauld Institute for Art is a leading center for teaching art history. Important art galleries in the UK including the National Gallery, National Portrait Gallery, Tate Britain and Tate Modern (the most visited modern art gallery in the world, with about 4.7 million visitors per year).
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