Music of the United Kingdom

Various styles of music popular in Britain from the original English folk music, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland for heavy metals. Leading composer of classical music from the UK and the countries that preceded it include William Byrd, Henry Purcell, Sir Edward Elgar, Gustav Holst, Sir Arthur Sullivan (most famous for working with the opera Sir WS Gilbert), Ralph Vaughan Williams and Benjamin Britten, pioneer modern British opera. Sir Peter Maxwell Davies is one of the leading living composer and music teacher at Queen's. The UK is also home to world-renowned symphony orchestra and chorus as the BBC Symphony Orchestra and London Symphony Chorus. Famous conductors including Sir Simon Rattle, John Barbirolli and Sir Malcolm Sargent. Some important film score composers include John Barry, Clint Mansell, Mike Oldfield, John Powell, Craig Armstrong, David Arnold, John Murphy, Monty Norman and Harry Gregson-Williams. George Frideric Handel, though born German, was a naturalized British citizen and some of his best work, like the Messiah, written in English. Andrew Lloyd Webber has achieved great success around the world and is a prolific composer of musical theater, the work that has dominated the West End, London for several years and have traveled to Broadway in New York.

The Beatles have an international sales of more than one billion units and is the biggest-selling acts and most influential in the history of popular music . Other prominent contributors have influenced British popular music over the last 50 years including the Queen, Cliff Richard, Bee Gees, Elton John, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd and The Rolling Stones, who all had record sales world wide 200 million or more . According to a study by the Guinness World Record-eight out of ten UK singles action with the most English chart: Status Quo, Queen, The Rolling Stones, UB40, Depeche Mode, Bee Gees, Pet Shop Boys and Manic Street Preachers . action of the newer music of England's international success, including Oasis, Radiohead, Spice Girls, Coldplay, One Way and Adele.

A number of UK cities are known for their music. The story of Liverpool has more number one UK chart hit single per capita (54) from other cities around the world. Glasgow musical contribution was recognized in 2008 when it was named a UNESCO City of Music, one of three cities in the world to have this honor. [388]
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