History Before 1707

Completion by the anatomy of modern humans from what is happening in the United Kingdom wave began about 30,000 years ago. At the end of prehistory in this region, the population is estimated to have been held, in the main, to the so-called Insular Celtic culture, which consists Brythonic British and Irish Gaelic. Roman conquest, beginning in 43 AD, and 400-year rule of the south of England, followed by the German invasion of Anglo-Saxon settlers, mainly to reduce the Brythonic area of ​​what became Wales. Areas settled by the Anglo-Saxon became united as the Kingdom of England in the 10th century. Meanwhile, the Gaelic-speakers in the north west of England (with connections to the north-east of Ireland and traditional should have migrated from there in the 5th century) united with the Picts to make the Kingdom of Scotland in the 9th century.

In 1066, the Normans invaded England and after his conquest, capture most of Wales, conquered most of Ireland and settled in Scotland brings to every state of feudalism in the Northern French models and Norman-French culture. Norman elites greatly affected, but eventually assimilated with, each local culture. Once the kings of medieval England completed the conquest of Wales and make the effort ultimately failed to annex Scotland. After that, Scotland maintains its independence, although in almost constant conflict with Britain. The kings of England, through the inheritance of a large region in France and claims to the crown of France, is also heavily involved in the conflict in France, especially the Hundred Years War.

Early modern period saw a religious conflict is a result of the introduction of the Reformation and Protestant state churches in every state. Wales is fully incorporated into the United Kingdom, and Ireland is a kingdom in personal union with the British crown. In what became Northern Ireland, land of the independent Gaelic nobility Catholic land confiscated and given to Protestant settlers from England and Scotland. In 1603, the kingdom of England, Scotland and Ireland are united in a personal union when James VI, King of Scotland, inherited the crown of England and Ireland, and moved his court from Edinburgh to London, but every country remain a separate political entity and maintains separate political institutions. In the mid-17th century, three kingdoms engaged in a series of connected wars (including the English Civil War) that led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the republic while the short-lived unity of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland. Although the monarchy was restored, it ensures (with the Great Revolution of 1688) that, unlike much of the rest of Europe, royal absolutism will not win. British constitution will develop based on constitutional monarchy and parliamentary system. During this period, especially in England, the development of naval power (and interest in the course of discovery) leading to the acquisition and settlement of overseas colonies, especially in North America.
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